SSK Project 06363 developed by CDB ME "Rubin" team led by chief designer Igor Molchanov. Their prototypes are submarines of Project 877/636 "Halibut" (submarines, intended for export to States of the Warsaw Pact, had an informal code "Warszawianka"), created under the direction of Yuri Kormilitsyna. 29 submarines of Project 877/636 different modifications - 24 submarines of Project 877, and the export was built for the Soviet Navy.
SSK project 06,363 - deep modernization "halibut". Their underwater displacement - 3950 tons, length - 73 m, width of the body - 10 m. The maximum underwater speed of 20 knots Operating depth - 240 m, the maximum - 350 m, distance diving economic speed - 400 miles, endurance - 45 days . There RDP device, that is, of the diesel engine under the water. The team consists of 52 people. Boats equipped with a rescue hatch, allowing to leave the submerged ship with a depth of up to 250 M. In order to achieve low visibility - especially for noise reduction, widely used shock-absorbing platform, which established mechanisms and protivogidroakusticheskoe cover housing. This single-shaft ships well streamlined. Mover - 7-blade propeller with scimitar-shaped blades. At the stern of the hull on the sides there are water cannons thrusters. immersion processes and automated surfacing submarines.
Apart from CDB ME "Rubin" and "Admiralty Shipyards" a great contribution to the development of diesel-electric submarine of the new generation boats made a number of other enterprises of the shipbuilding industry. Thus, hull steel AK-25 are designed for the Central Research Institute of Structural Materials "Prometheus" and made it the Izhora plant. NGO "Aurora", concerns "Okeanpribor" and "Granit-Electron" saturated boats advanced electronics: automated information management system "Lama", "Palladium" submarine control system, control system maneuvering "Pyrite" and the radar system "Tobol". Digital sonar system MGK-400M "Rubicon-M" design CRI "Morphyspribor" passive "hears" mode, enemy submarines at a distance of not less than 16-20 km, and surface ships, and even more - 60-80 km. MG-519E "Harp" sonar detects mines at a distance of 1500 meters or more. Developed means of communication make it possible to receive orders and information from headquarters and by reports on the situation, take target designation from external sources for the use of weapons.
Underwater vehicles are heavily armed with six 533 mm bow torpedo tubes are designed for firing 18 torpedoes 53-65K and TEST-71m and 4 missiles (according to some sources, the rocket ammo can be 6 units) complex "Caliber-submarine" class " submarine-ship "(3M-54) and" submarine-to-surface "(3M-14). They are also used for the production of up to 24 min-1 DM, which are accepted in lieu of torpedoes, or parts thereof. The device "Murena" provides a quick recharge torpedo tubes. Air defense submarines surfaced provide eight MANPADS "Igla".
In August 2010, the Russian Ministry of Defence has signed a contract with USC for the construction of the project 06363. head SSK submarine B-261 "Novorossiysk" was founded August 20, 2010, launched on June 26, 2014 and handed over to the Navy of the Russian Federation of August 22 the same year. On August 10 - September 21, she made the transition from the Arctic to the place of permanent deployment - Novorossiysk (. for details, see the magazine "National Defense» №10 / 2015), which became the first combat unit recreated 4 th separate brigade of submarines Black Sea Fleet. Following the "Novorossiysk" joined the Navy diesel-electric submarine B-237 "Rostov-on-Don" (30 December 2014) and the B-262 "Stary Oskol" (July 3, 2015), who also relocated to the Black Sea.
The fate of the first three boats series evolved on one scenario: after the transfer of the Navy, they worked through the course of combat training in the Baltic Sea, then went to the North, where the Barents Sea and deep-sea diving made 3M-54 fired rockets and 3M-14 on marine and coastal targets. Then the submarine went to Novorossiysk. "Rostov-on-Don» on the way to the Black Sea and had a chance to attack the real purpose (see. Magazine "National Defense" №1 / 2016). December 8 last year, B-237, commanded by Captain 2nd Rank Andrew Adamski fulfilled from a submerged position salvo firing four cruise missiles 3M-14 on objects forbidden in the Russian terrorist organization "Islamic State" in Syria. All the missiles accurately hit the two command posts in Raqqa province. It was the first combat use complex "Caliber-submarine."